We have prepared a series of graphic prints with the themes of speed and the future on the occasion of the special installation in the Ještěd Hotel, entitled Back to the Future, which presents various futuristic visions from the past to the present. However, we do not show the latest technologies and materials, but five outstanding means of transport from the last century, which will transfer you into the year 2100 faster than you can imagine. Their form and function were much ahead of the time.
Bugatti 100P airplane
Ettore Bugatti was not only the master creator of homonymous cars, but also an ardent conqueror of speed records on land, at sea, and in the air. Thus, his construction knowledge is necessarily reflected in the lesser-known project of the 100P airplane, which he developed in collaboration with Belgian engineer Louis de Monge in 1937 for the purpose of speed record breaking. The incredibly timeless structure and design of the airplane, constructed with counter-rotating propellers, were ahead of its time and surpassed the shapes of several jets by several decades. However, the only specimen that Bugatti managed to make was never put into operation due to the German invasion of France during WWII. Exhibited in the EAA museum in Oshkosh in the USA, it is a mere silent witness of the visionary ideas of the famous French designer.
Track cycling is one of the sports in which aerodynamics and speed play such an important role that they constitute the formal aspect of the sport’s design. The Italian manufacturer of Cinelli bikes definitely knows a lot about this fact. The rare witness of this search for technological development, desire for speed, and visual perfection is primarily the legendary model of Laser. The Cinelli Laser track bike was gradually developed by the Italian manufacturer from 1979 to early 1990s. During this time, individual models won 28 Olympic gold medals, several primacies in the use of special materials and manufacturing methods, the Compasso d`Oro design award in 1991, and a redesign by American artist Keith Haring.
Utopia and desire for the future played an irreplaceable role in the artistic avant-garde of the last century. Guy Rottier, the French architect, designer, artist, theoretician, and philosopher, ranks among the personalities whose utopian visions and real architectural projects still instigate our imagination. Apart from sculpturesque houses in the form of human heads and imaginary bus stations made from buses, Rottier designed a utopian flying house called Maison Volante in 1964 when he was living in southern France and northern Africa. This plastic capsule house with a propeller should have been equipped with everything one needs to lead a happy life. The inhabitable helicopter, complete with a bed and a bar, demonstrates how architectural visionaries of the 1960s were ahead of their time.
Ghia Streamline X Gilda
In 1955, the American manufacturer of Chrysler cars presented, in collaboration with the Italian carriage builder of Ghia, established by designer Giovanni Savonuzzi, an exceptional prototype of the Ghia Streamline X Gilda car. The model, made for display purposes only, combined American pushfulness with Italian elegance and an aesthetical vision of the future. This red-and-silver unique car was inspired by the trend of turbine airplanes; the idea was to hide a turbine engine under the hood. However, at that time, small turbine engines would not fit inside the aerodynamic Ghia; thus, the place allocated for the engine remained empty. Nevertheless, the car made a splash at the Turin exhibition, after which its design became an inspirational basis for many lot-produced Chrysler models.